أفضل الممارسات البيئية 224 – مناقشة الميزانية (جزء 2)

*** This lesson is available in our تطبيق اللغة الإنجليزية للأعمال للآيفون & اى باد. A new version of the app is now available in the app store: تحميل / Update

في هذا الدرس اللغة الإنجليزية للأعمال, نواصل بحثنا في المفردات والجمعيات اللغوية لـ discussing a budget.

A budget is a plan for spending money. And you’ll often hear the word “budget” used as a noun. But “budget” is also a verb. We can budget carefully or poorly. We can budget not only money but also time. And how we budget can help or harm our business. If we spend too much money, we may decrease profits. But if we don’t spend enough money, the business may not grow or thrive. It’s all about balance.

A typical budget includes a long list of items that we need to spend money on. And in a budget meeting, you’ll hear people talk, or argue, about where to spend more and where to spend less. وبالتالي, how do we do this? حسنا, in today’s dialog, we’ll learn some of the common expressions we use when we discuss budgets.

قبل أن نستمع, let’s talk a little about المتلازمات. A collocation is a group of words that native speakers often use together. يبدو التجميع الصحيح طبيعيًا, بينما يبدو التجميع غير الصحيح غير طبيعي. فمثلا, in English we say “budget cuts” to talk about lower spending. But we can’t say “budget slices” or “budget chops,” even though “slice” and “chop” mean “cut.” Those simply aren’t natural expressions.

سوف تسمع العديد من الاصطفافات المفيدة في حوار اليوم. كما يمكنك الاستماع, حاول انتقاء هذه التركيبات الطبيعية من الكلمات. ثم سنشرح ما يقصدونه وكيفية استخدامه في استخلاص المعلومات.

Today we’ll rejoin Kate, هاري, and Linda as they discuss the budget for their IT department. Kate and Harry are managers, and Linda is their supervisor. آخر مرة, they talked about the past year’s budget. اليوم, you’ll hear them making a plan for the upcoming year.

أسئلة الاستماع

1. What does Kate say the finance department wants to focus on?
2. What is Harry’s concern about replacing the workstations?
3. What does Kate think can be changed to save money?

الأعضاء المميزون: ملاحظات الدراسة | الممارسة عبر الإنترنت | PhraseCast

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