聽這些對話，您會發現許多有用的表達. 例如, I’ve already used the phrase “file a tax return.” That verb “file” always goes with “return” when we talk about our annual submission to the government. 你可以一起學那些話, as one expression or “collocation.”
There’s an old saying in English that “nothing is certain except death and taxes.” 但, 雖然稅收是確定的, 您需要支付的確切金額不是. 只要問任何會計師. 對於公司和個人, 有各種各樣的方法來降低您的稅單. 較低的稅單意味著我們口袋裡有更多的錢, 或在我們股東的口袋裡. 為此原因, 稅收是一個熱門話題, 尤其是在春季，大多數稅款到期.
在這 金融英語 課, 我們將聽白蘭度設備公司的三位經理討論他們的稅收情況. 談話中, 經理們使用很多與稅收相關的常用表達方式. We call these expressions “collocations.” A collocation is just a group of words that go together naturally.
一些 英語搭配, 例如“抓住機會,” are widely used. 但是許多搭配是特定於某個工作領域或主題的. 並從事該領域或討論該主題, 您需要了解這些特殊表達. 說到稅收, 例如, you need to know that we use the verb “file” with “taxes” to talk about our yearly report to the government. 在不同的領域學習類似的搭配會發展您的詞彙量，並幫助您聽起來更自然.
According to Donald Trump, “trade wars are easy to win.” 然而, as usual, reality appears to contradict Trump’s claims. In the current dispute between the U.S. and China, it doesn’t look like a winner will emerge any time soon. As CNN notes:
The Trump administration made good on its threat to raise tariffs on $200 billion worth of Chinese exports from 10% 至 25%, marking a sharp rise in tensions between the world’s two largest economies. After months of talks aimed at ending a year-long dispute that has already hurt global growth and rattled stock markets around the world, the latest US salvo risks triggering a new wave of tit-for-tat responses.
歡迎回到 商務英語播客for today’s商務英語詞彙lesson on how to describe company performance.
Every company’s goal is to make a profit. But how they go about that is different. Different industries, different business models, different approaches – There’s no simple recipe for success. And there’s no simple, single way to measure whether a company is performing well.
代替, we look at many different factors when we measure company performance. We’ve also got a lot of different expressions in English for discussing the topic. And many of theseEnglish expressionsare what we call “collocations.”
What’s a collocation? 好, it’s just a natural combination of words. Ever heard the expressions “turn a profit” or “boost the bottom line?” We don’t say “grow a profit” or “up the bottom line.” Those simply aren’t natural collocations. And if you say something like that, you won’t sound natural.
So studying collocations is a great way to sound more natural with your vocabulary. You can learn combinations of words, rather than single words on their own. As you listen to the dialog today, try to pick out some of these collocations, 我們將稍後在匯報中討論它們.
在對話框中, we’ll rejoin a meeting at a private equity firm. Three colleagues, 瑪麗亞, 克勞迪婭, 和泰勒, are talking about some of the companies they’ve invested in. They’ll use lots of great collocations as they discuss the performance of these companies.
1. What does Claudia think about SmartMoney? 2. What does Taylor think they should do before selling off SmartMoney? 3. What has Claudia been focusing on with Byron Industries?